What is Brain Injury

An acquired brain injury is an injury to the brain that occurs after birth. Traumatic brain injury is an insult to the brain caused by an external physical force, which may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness that results in an impairment of cognitive abilities or physical functioning. It can also result in the disturbance of behavioral or emotional functioning. These impairments may be either temporary of permanent and cause partial or total functional disability or psychosocial maladjustment.

The causes of brain injury are varied, and include car crashes, falls, assaults, sports-related mishaps, stroke, aneurysm, and domestic or child abuse. A brain injury may result in mild, moderate, or severe impairments in one or more areas, including cognition; speech-language communication; memory; attention and concentration; reasoning; abstract thinking; physical functions; psychosocial behavior; and information processing.


  • Every 21 seconds one person in the U.S. sustains a brain injury, resulting in more than 1.4 million injuries annually
  • United States citizens are five (5) times more likely to sustain a Traumatic Brain Injury than Muscular Sclerosis, HIV/AIDs and breast cancer combined.
  • It has been estimated that 20-30% of the injured military personnel coming home from Iraq have sustained brain injuries.

Information courtesy of the Brain Injury Association of NY

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